I noticed that there was a new version of OpenELEC, so I decided to give it a try. From their release page, it doesn’t look you can do an automatic update and it’s recommended to do a manual update:

####How To Upgrade To OpenELEC 4.0 Release If you are going to update from one of our older releases, we STRONGLY advise that you make a backup of your XBMC data and manual update . There was reports regarding new database versions, settings, addons and addon repos, which can cause issues if you are using updating from OpenELEC 3.2 or older. You can use our OpenELEC Settings addon if you are using OpenELEC-3.2 to backup your data and then reset it. If you are on an older build, you will need to do this manually:

mv /storage/.xbmc /storage/.xbmc-backup

And from the update page, here are the instructions for the actual update:

Copying the Update Files

To update you must download the corresponding install depending on your hardware. To download click here. If you are unsure which version you need, click here.

When you download the file you will be presented with a .tar file. You will need to extract this tar file and get the four files int the target folder (SYSTEM KERNEL SYSTEM.md5 KERNEL.md5).

Updating OpenELEC to 4.0

After I downloaded the latest version, I had the following:

elatov@crbook:~$ls -lh download/*.tar
-rw-r--r-- 1 elatov elatov 108M Jun 27 22:30 download/l/OpenELEC-RPi.arm-4.0.6.tar

Then extracting the tar file, I had the following files:

elatov@crbook:~/download$tree OpenELEC-RPi.arm-4.0.6
OpenELEC-RPi.arm-4.0.6
├── 3rdparty
│   └── bootloader
│       ├── bootcode.bin
│       ├── config.txt
│       ├── fixup.dat
│       ├── LICENCE.broadcom
│       └── start.elf
├── CHANGELOG
├── create_sdcard
├── INSTALL
├── licenses
│   ├── APSL.txt
│   ├── Artistic.txt
│   ├── ATI.txt
│   ├── BSD_2_Clause.txt
│   ├── BSD_3_Clause.txt
│   ├── BSD_4_Clause.txt
│   ├── BSD.txt
│   ├── Clarified_Artistic.txt
│   ├── FDL1_2.txt
│   ├── FDL1_3.txt
│   ├── FDL.txt
│   ├── GPL2.txt
│   ├── GPL3.txt
│   ├── GPL.txt
│   ├── Info-ZIP.txt
│   ├── LGPL2_1.txt
│   ├── LGPL2.txt
│   ├── LGPL3.txt
│   ├── MIT_Modified.txt
│   ├── MIT.txt
│   ├── MPL1_1.txt
│   ├── NVIDIA.txt
│   ├── OFL1_1.txt
│   ├── Public_Domain.txt
│   └── Radeon_rlc.txt
├── openelec.ico
├── README.md
├── RELEASE
└── target
	├── KERNEL
	├── KERNEL.md5
	├── SYSTEM
	└── SYSTEM.md5

4 directories, 40 files

We just need to grab all the files under the target directory and put under the /storage/.update directory on the current OpenELEC machine. So I SSH’ed into my OpenELEC machine and ran the following to copy the files (I had the rsync plugin):

pi:~ # rsync -avP crbook:download/OpenELEC-RPi.arm-4.0.6/target/. .update/.
receiving incremental file list
./
KERNEL
	 5997936 100%  993.45kB/s    0:00:05 (xfer#1, to-check=3/5)
KERNEL.md5
		  48 100%    0.06kB/s    0:00:00 (xfer#2, to-check=2/5)
SYSTEM
   102686720 100%  941.88kB/s    0:01:46 (xfer#3, to-check=1/5)
SYSTEM.md5
		  48 100%    0.05kB/s    0:00:00 (xfer#4, to-check=0/5)

sent 106 bytes  received 108711569 bytes  941226.62 bytes/sec
total size is 108684752  speedup is 1.00

Then I moved the current configuration out of the way as per the recommendation:

pi:~ # mv .xbmc .xbmc-backup

Lastly I just rebooted:

pi:~ # reboot

After it rebooted the new version was installed.

Re-Apply the Original Settings

I then went back to my OpenELEC on Raspberry Pi post and re-applied my old settings:

  1. Apply the IP settings and finish the Initial Setup Wizard
  2. Install the xTV-SAF Skin
    • Copy the font settings over cp .xbmc.backup/addons/skin.xtv-saf/720p/Font.xml .xbmc/addons/skin.xtv-saf/720p/Font.xml
  3. Enable the Web Server Service. System -> Services -> Webserver (you don’t have do this manually any more)
  4. Add my Plex Movies Libraty via UPNP. Movies -> Add Movies -> Browse -> UPNP
  5. Fix the Time Zone. System -> Appearance -> International

    openelec-time-settings

The rest of the stuff was okay, like optware and snmpd (check out this post on that setup).

New Performance Tuning Settings

I ran into this site, which had a lot of good recommendation. Here are the ones I followed.

OverClock the Raspberry Pi

Here are the steps for that:

  1. Mount /flash as read/write

     pi:~ # mount /flash -o remount,rw
    
  2. Edit the config.txt file

     pi:~ # vi /flash/config.txt
    
  3. Add the following parameters:

     arm_freq=800
     core_freq=300
    

For a more in depth guide, check out How to overclock Raspberry Pi running OpenELEC?. After I rebooted I saw the following under the Hardware section:

openelec-new-hardware

Notice the new Speed, you can also ssh into the RPi and check out dmesg output:

pi:~ # dmesg | grep cpufreq
[    1.564118] bcm2835-cpufreq: min=700000 max=800000 cur=700000

To make sure I wasn’t abusing the CPU, I played a movie and checked out top:

top-xbmc-playing-video

I wasn’t pegging the CPU to max or anything. So the overclocking wasn’t abusing my CPU.

Improve Buffer Settings

This one is pretty easy as well, modify/create the advancedsettings.xml file:

pi:~ # vi .xbmc/userdata/advancedsettings.xml

and add the following:

<advancedsettings>
<network>
<buffermode>1</buffermode> <!-- Comment: Default is 1 -->
<cachemembuffersize>0</cachemembuffersize> <!-- Comment: Default is 20971520 bytes or 20 MB -->
<readbufferfactor>4.0</readbufferfactor> <!-- Comment: Default is 1.0 -->
</network>
</advancedsettings>

All of the above setting are discussed in detail at Strategies to fix XBMC buffering issues on Raspberry Pi. The most noteable one is the cachemembuffersize option (I had a pretty decent SD card). From the above page:

Alternatively, you could set the cachemembuffersize to 0, which would force XBMC to use your local storage (SD Card) for caching videos. In this case, the cache size is only limited by the amount of free space available. Upon stopping the video the cache is automatically cleared to free up space. Note that this will increase the read/write on your SD card, which may reduce its lifespan. But SD cards are cheap and doing this can help low RAM devices such as Raspberry Pi.

So I was okay to store the cache locally:

pi:~ # df -h .
Filesystem                Size      Used Available Use% Mounted on
/dev/mmcblk0p2           29.0G    821.4M     26.7G   3% /storage

Other Advanced Settings

We will modify the same file for these:

pi:~ # vi .xbmc/userdata/advancedsettings.xml

and here are the settings that I ended up with:

<loglevel hide="true">0</loglevel>
<nodvdrom>true</nodvdrom>
<videolibrary>
	<cleanonupdate>true</cleanonupdate>
	<importwatchedstate>true</importwatchedstate>
</videolibrary>
<videoscanner>
	<ignoreerrors>true</ignoreerrors>
</videoscanner>
<video>
	<timeseekforward>15</timeseekforward>
	<timeseekbackward>-15</timeseekbackward>
	<subsdelayrange>240</subsdelayrange>
</video>

I decided to leave the logging just to see what’s going on. But if you want to completely disable logging set the logvelel option to -1. All of the setttings are covered in detail in advancedsettings.xml

Other Tweaks

I also ran into 10 Tweaks to improve XBMC performance on Raspberry Pi. Here are some of the settings I applied from that page.

Disable Un-used Services

Go to System -> Services and disable anything you don’t use. I disabled the following:

  1. Samba
  2. Bluetooth
  3. ZeroConf
  4. Weather (System -> Weather)

Disable Actor and Video Thumbnails

This one is found under System -> Videos -> Library:

openelec-dont-get-actor-thumb

If you are planning to play a lot of music you can uncheck the Disable Tag Reading option.

Downgrading to 4.0.2

Everything was working out well, until I started watching some tv streams. XBMC would just restart on it’s own. I only saw the following in the logs, right prior to the restart:

pi:~ # tail -f .xbmc/temp/xbmc.log
13:59:04 T:2750211152   ERROR: COMXAudioCodecOMX::GetData Unexpected change of size (65536->49152)
13:59:04 T:2750211152   ERROR: COMXAudioCodecOMX::GetData Unexpected change of size (49152->65536)
13:59:04 T:2750211152   ERROR: COMXAudioCodecOMX::GetData Unexpected change of size (65536->49152)
13:59:04 T:2750211152   ERROR: COMXAudioCodecOMX::GetData Unexpected change of size (49152->65536)
13:59:04 T:2750211152   ERROR: COMXAudioCodecOMX::GetData Unexpected change of size (65536->49152)
13:59:04 T:2750211152   ERROR: COMXAudioCodecOMX::GetData Unexpected change of size (49152->65536)

I was only able to find the following (Openelec 4.0.3 Screen goes black during Live TV) forum that matched my error message. In the forum they mentioned that it’s known issue and going back to 4.0.2 should fix the issue(and hopefully 4.0.4 fixes the issue). Given the fact that I was on 4.0.6 and the issue was still happening, I decided to downgrade to 4.0.2.

With the new version of OpenELEC (4.0), we just copy the tar file into the update folder and the update process will proceed. From Updating OpenELEC

Manually updating OopenELEC Gotham has become easier as well. You are no longer required to extract the system files yourselves, this is all done by OpenELEC internally. This means, that you only have to copy the downloaded .tar file into the Update folder, and have OpenELEC reboot. The .tar file will be extracted and tested, after which the necessary components will be copied to the SYSTEM partition as before. A second boot will follow to finalize the upgrade process.

So I mozied over to the archives page for openelec and downloaded the 4.0.2 version:

elatov@crbook:~/download$ls -lh OpenELEC-RPi.arm-4.0.2.tar 
-rw-r--r-- 1 elatov elatov 109M May 27 12:33 OpenELEC-RPi.arm-4.0.2.tar

Then I ssh‘ed into the RPi and I copied the file over:

pi:~ # rsync -avP crbook:download/OpenELEC-RPi.arm-4.0.2.tar .update/.
receiving incremental file list
OpenELEC-RPi.arm-4.0.2.tar
   113664000 100%    1.63MB/s    0:01:06 (xfer#1, to-check=0/1)

sent 42 bytes  received 113691864 bytes  1505853.06 bytes/sec
total size is 113664000  speedup is 1.00

Then after I rebooted, the 4.0.2 version was installed (rebooting a second time finished the downgrade). So I am currently on 4.0.2:

pi:~ # cat /etc/version 
4.0.2

Since I have been on 4.0.2, I haven’t seen xbmc restart and the TV streams are working without issues.


Published by Karim Elatov

28 June 2014

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