I decided to install Fedora 21 on a new MacBook Air.

MacBook Air

The MacBook is the MacBook Air (13-inch, Early 2015) or MacBookAir7,2. Here is the system information:

elatov@macair:~$system_profiler SPHardwareDataType
Hardware:

    Hardware Overview:

      Model Name: MacBook Air
      Model Identifier: MacBookAir7,2
      Processor Name: Intel Core i7
      Processor Speed: 2.2 GHz
      Number of Processors: 1
      Total Number of Cores: 2
      L2 Cache (per Core): 256 KB
      L3 Cache: 4 MB
      Memory: 8 GB
      Boot ROM Version: MBA71.0166.B00
      SMC Version (system): 2.27f1
      Serial Number (system): XXXXXX
      Hardware UUID: XXXXXXXX

The install was very similar to this one.

Re-Partition the OS disk

I just started the Disk Utility and resized the OS (I gave the Linux OS only 25GB):

diskutil-part-for-fed

Create a Bootable USB from the Fedora Live DVD ISO

After downloading the Fedora ISO, I had the following file:

elatov@macair:~$ls -lh downloads/Fedora-Live-Workstation-x86_64-21-5.iso
-rw-r-----  1 elatov  elatov   1.4G Mar 25 17:14 downloads/Fedora-Live-Workstation-x86_64-21-5.iso

First we have to convert the ISO into a DMG (I talked about different image formats here):

elatov@macair:~/downloads$hdiutil convert -format UDRW -o fed_21.dmg Fedora-Live-Workstation-x86_64-21-5.iso
Reading Driver Descriptor Map (DDM : 0)…
Reading Fedora-Live-WS-x86_64-21-5       (Apple_ISO : 1)…
Reading Apple (Apple_partition_map : 2)…
Reading Fedora-Live-WS-x86_64-21-5       (Apple_ISO : 3)…
Reading EFI (Apple_HFS : 4)…
Reading Fedora-Live-WS-x86_64-21-5       (Apple_ISO : 5)…
Reading EFI (Apple_HFS : 6)…
Reading Fedora-Live-WS-x86_64-21-5       (Apple_ISO : 7)…
..............................................................................
Elapsed Time:  7.891s
Speed: 177.9Mbytes/sec
Savings: 0.0%
created: /Users/elatov/downloads/fed_21.dmg

I had a 32GB USB drive with an ext3 partition on it, as soon as plug it in it would get auto mounted and here are the partitions on the USB drive:

elatov@macair:~$diskutil  list /dev/disk2
/dev/disk2
   #:                       TYPE NAME                    SIZE       IDENTIFIER
   0:     FDisk_partition_scheme                        *32.0 GB    disk2
   1:                      Linux                         32.0 GB    disk2s1

So first I unmounted the USB Drive:

elatov@macair:~$diskutil umount /Volumes/Untitled/
Volume  on disk2s1 unmounted 

Then I removed the MBR partition scheme:

elatov@macair:~$sudo dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/disk2 bs=512 count=1
1+0 records in
1+0 records out
512 bytes transferred in 0.000813 secs (629761 bytes/sec)

Then the disk was blank

elatov@macair:~$diskutil  list /dev/disk2
/dev/disk2
   #:                       TYPE NAME                    SIZE       IDENTIFIER
   0:                                                   *32.0 GB    disk2

We can also use diskutil to zero out the disk:

elatov@macair:~$diskutil partitionDisk /dev/disk2 1 "Free Space" "unused" "100%"
Started partitioning on disk2
Unmounting disk
Creating the partition map
Waiting for the disks to reappear
Finished partitioning on disk2
/dev/disk2
   #:                       TYPE NAME                    SIZE       IDENTIFIER
   0:      GUID_partition_scheme                        *32.0 GB    disk2
   1:                        EFI EFI                     209.7 MB   disk2s1

Either way after the disk is ready to be used you can then DD the DMG onto it:

elatov@macair:~/downloads$sudo dd if=fed_21.dmg of=/dev/disk2 bs=1m
1403+1 records in
1403+1 records out
1471502336 bytes transferred in 632.999466 secs (2324650 bytes/sec)

After that the USB disk will have the following disk partition:

elatov@macair:~$diskutil list disk2
/dev/disk2
   #:                       TYPE NAME                    SIZE       IDENTIFIER
   0:     Apple_partition_scheme                        *32.0 GB    disk2
   1:        Apple_partition_map                         8.2 KB     disk2s1
   2:                  Apple_HFS                         5.2 MB     disk2s2
   3:                  Apple_HFS Fedora Live             20.8 MB    disk2s3

If you are going to unplug the USB disk then first unmount it:

elatov@macair:~$diskutil eject /dev/disk2
Disk /dev/disk2 ejected

If this is the same laptop where you are going to install Fedora then just reboot the laptop.

Installing Fedora

Right as you reboot the Mac hold down the alt/option key and you will see a list of available bootable devices:

boot-menu-mac

Boot from the Fedora disk and the live CD will start booting. When then Live CD starts it will ask you if you want to install onto the hard disk or try the Live CD, I selected to install onto the Hard Disk. During the installation wizard I asked the install to use the free space and to create the partitions automatically and the following partitions were created:

fedora-installer-manual-partitions

After the installed finished I rebooted and I saw the GRUB menu:

grub-menu-after-fedora-installer

Selecting the top menu booted into Fedora without issues.

Post Install Configuration

It took about 6.6 seconds to boot into the OS:

[elatov@localhost ~]$ systemd-analyze
Startup finished in 845ms (kernel) + 2.434s (initrd) + 3.052s (userspace) = 6.332s

Installing the Wireless Driver

I had a thunderbolt-to-ethernet adapter, after plugging it in, the tg3 driver picked it up:

[elatov@localhost ~]$ lspci -k
0a:00.0 Ethernet controller: Broadcom Corporation NetXtreme BCM57762 Gigabit Ethernet PCIe
Subsystem: Apple Inc. Device 00f6
Kernel driver in use: tg3
Kernel modules: tg3

and the ethernet device showed up:

[elatov@localhost ~]$ ip -4 a
1: lo: <LOOPBACK,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 65536 qdisc noqueue state UNKNOWN mode DEFAULT group default
    link/loopback 00:00:00:00:00:00 brd 00:00:00:00:00:00
2: ens9: <NO-CARRIER,BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP> mtu 1500 qdisc mq state DOWN mode DEFAULT group default qlen 1000
    link/ether 0c:4d:e9:a0:c0:aa brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff

After using Network Manager I got an IP via DHCP and then I updated all the packages:

[elatov@localhost ~]$ sudo yum update

Then I installed the kernel-devel package along with the kmod-wl package:

[elatov@localhost ~]$ sudo yum install kmod-wl kernel-devel

Then after the reboot I was able to see the wireless device:

[elatov@localhost ~]$ iw dev
phy#0
    Interface wlp3s0
        ifindex 2
        wdev 0x1
        addr 34:36:3b:8a:7d:6c

and wl0 is the driver

[elatov@localhost ~]$ ethtool -i wlp3s0
driver: wl0
version: 6.30.223.248 (r487574)
firmware-version:
bus-info:
supports-statistics: no
supports-test: no
supports-eeprom-access: no
supports-register-dump: no
supports-priv-flags: no

Fixing the Brightness Button

I realized the Brightness Buttons F1 and F2 weren’t working on Gnome-Shell. The the notification showed up but it didn’t change anything. So I ran across this and the fix is to add the following to GRUB:

[elatov@localhost ~]$ grep LINUX /etc/default/grub
GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX="rd.lvm.lv=fedora/swap rd.lvm.lv=fedora/root rhgb quiet acpi_backlight=vendor"

and then to re-generate the grub menu:

[elatov@localhost ~]$ sudo grub2-mkconfig -o /boot/efi/EFI/fedora/grub.cfg

Fix the ~ key

Upon pushing the tilde key (~) I was seeing the greater than sign (>). The bug is described here and to fix that issue I modified the GRUB config again to have the following:

[elatov@localhost ~]$ grep GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX /etc/default/grub
GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX="rd.lvm.lv=fedora/swap rd.lvm.lv=fedora/root rhgb quiet acpi_backlight=vendor hid_apple.iso_layout=0"

And then after re-genenating the GRUB menu one more time and rebooting the issue was fixed.

Booting back into Mac OS X

To boot back into Mac OS X, just reboot and hold down the alt/option key and you will see the Macintosh HD and Fedora bootable devices:

boot-menu-post-fedora-install

Upon selecting Macintosh HD you will boot back into Mac OS X. Once booted you can go into System Preferences and change the Start Up Disks if you so desire:

mac-osx-startup-after-fed-install

Also by default the EFI partition from LInux will show up on your Desktop. To hide it from Finder you can run the following:

elatov@macair:~$cd /Volumes
elatov@macair:/Volmes$sudo chflags hidden Linux\ HFS+\ ESP/

Booting into Mac OS X with GRUB

By default the GRUB menu will contain entries for Mac OS X, but when you try to boot from one of the enries you will recieve the following errors:

error: can't find command 'xnu_uuid'
error: can't find command 'xnu_kernel64'
error: can't find command 'xnu_kextdir'

The issue is described here. It sounds like chainloading is a way to go, so I ended up adding the following config:

[elatov@localhost ~]$ $sudo cat /etc/grub.d/40_custom
#!/bin/sh
exec tail -n +3 $0
# This file provides an easy way to add custom menu entries.  Simply type the
# menu entries you want to add after this comment.  Be careful not to change
# the 'exec tail' line above.
menuentry "MacOS X Yosemite" {
        insmod hfsplus
        set root=(hd1,gpt3)
        chainloader /System/Library/CoreServices/boot.efi
        boot
}

I chose gpt3 cause that’s where the Apple Boot partition was

[elatov@localhost ~]$ sudo fdisk -l | grep boot
/dev/sda3  186509544 187779079   1269536 619.9M Apple boot

And I found a pretty good example of the config here. Then I re-generated the GRUB menu, rebooted and chose the “Mac OS X Yosemite” entry and I saw Mac OS X boot up.


Published by Karim Elatov

05 April 2015

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