I was running the following version of dd-wrt:

root@DD-WRT:~# cat /etc/release 
25015M

The full setup is covered here. I noticed in that version of DD-WRT the TEE module for iptables doesn’t work. I found a couple of links that talk about the issue:

It would just quitely fail without working:

root@DD-WRT:~# iptables -A PREROUTING -t mangle -d 192.168.1.1 -j ROUTE --gw 10.0.0.3 --tee
root@DD-WRT:~# iptables -t mangle -L
Chain PREROUTING (policy ACCEPT)
target     prot opt source               destination         

Chain INPUT (policy ACCEPT)
target     prot opt source               destination         

Chain FORWARD (policy ACCEPT)
target     prot opt source               destination         

Chain OUTPUT (policy ACCEPT)
target     prot opt source               destination         

Chain POSTROUTING (policy ACCEPT)
target     prot opt source               destination       

And if I just tried using the TEE module directly it would fail:

root@DD-WRT:~# iptables -t mangle -A PREROUTING -i br0 -j TEE --gateway 192.168.20.2
iptables v1.3.7: Unknown arg `--gateway'

It seems that it just depends on the version of dd-wrt that you get, if you are lucky you will have the TEE modules for iptables and if you are not, you won’t. It seems I was not one of the lucky ones:

root@DD-WRT:~# find /lib/modules -name "*.ko" | grep -i netfilter
/lib/modules/3.10.54/kernel/net/bridge/netfilter/ebt_802_3.ko
/lib/modules/3.10.54/kernel/net/bridge/netfilter/ebt_among.ko
/lib/modules/3.10.54/kernel/net/bridge/netfilter/ebt_arp.ko
/lib/modules/3.10.54/kernel/net/bridge/netfilter/ebt_arpreply.ko
/lib/modules/3.10.54/kernel/net/bridge/netfilter/ebt_dnat.ko
/lib/modules/3.10.54/kernel/net/bridge/netfilter/ebt_ip.ko
/lib/modules/3.10.54/kernel/net/bridge/netfilter/ebt_ip6.ko
/lib/modules/3.10.54/kernel/net/bridge/netfilter/ebt_limit.ko
/lib/modules/3.10.54/kernel/net/bridge/netfilter/ebt_log.ko
/lib/modules/3.10.54/kernel/net/bridge/netfilter/ebt_mark.ko
/lib/modules/3.10.54/kernel/net/bridge/netfilter/ebt_mark_m.ko
/lib/modules/3.10.54/kernel/net/bridge/netfilter/ebt_nflog.ko
/lib/modules/3.10.54/kernel/net/bridge/netfilter/ebt_pkttype.ko
/lib/modules/3.10.54/kernel/net/bridge/netfilter/ebt_redirect.ko
/lib/modules/3.10.54/kernel/net/bridge/netfilter/ebt_snat.ko
/lib/modules/3.10.54/kernel/net/bridge/netfilter/ebt_stp.ko
/lib/modules/3.10.54/kernel/net/bridge/netfilter/ebt_ulog.ko
/lib/modules/3.10.54/kernel/net/bridge/netfilter/ebt_vlan.ko
/lib/modules/3.10.54/kernel/net/bridge/netfilter/ebtable_broute.ko
/lib/modules/3.10.54/kernel/net/bridge/netfilter/ebtable_filter.ko
/lib/modules/3.10.54/kernel/net/bridge/netfilter/ebtable_nat.ko
/lib/modules/3.10.54/kernel/net/bridge/netfilter/ebtables.ko
/lib/modules/3.10.54/kernel/net/ipv4/netfilter/nf_nat_pptp.ko
/lib/modules/3.10.54/kernel/net/ipv4/netfilter/nf_nat_proto_gre.ko
/lib/modules/3.10.54/kernel/net/ipv6/netfilter/ip6_tables.ko
/lib/modules/3.10.54/kernel/net/ipv6/netfilter/ip6t_MASQUERADE.ko
/lib/modules/3.10.54/kernel/net/ipv6/netfilter/ip6t_NPT.ko
/lib/modules/3.10.54/kernel/net/ipv6/netfilter/ip6t_REJECT.ko
/lib/modules/3.10.54/kernel/net/ipv6/netfilter/ip6t_ah.ko
/lib/modules/3.10.54/kernel/net/ipv6/netfilter/ip6t_frag.ko
/lib/modules/3.10.54/kernel/net/ipv6/netfilter/ip6t_ipv6header.ko
/lib/modules/3.10.54/kernel/net/ipv6/netfilter/ip6t_rpfilter.ko
/lib/modules/3.10.54/kernel/net/ipv6/netfilter/ip6t_rt.ko
/lib/modules/3.10.54/kernel/net/ipv6/netfilter/ip6table_filter.ko
/lib/modules/3.10.54/kernel/net/ipv6/netfilter/ip6table_mangle.ko
/lib/modules/3.10.54/kernel/net/ipv6/netfilter/ip6table_nat.ko
/lib/modules/3.10.54/kernel/net/ipv6/netfilter/nf_conntrack_ipv6.ko
/lib/modules/3.10.54/kernel/net/ipv6/netfilter/nf_defrag_ipv6.ko
/lib/modules/3.10.54/kernel/net/ipv6/netfilter/nf_nat_ipv6.ko
/lib/modules/3.10.54/kernel/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_pptp.ko
/lib/modules/3.10.54/kernel/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_proto_gre.ko
/lib/modules/3.10.54/kernel/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_sip.ko
/lib/modules/3.10.54/kernel/net/netfilter/nf_nat_sip.ko
/lib/modules/3.10.54/kernel/net/netfilter/xt_DSCP.ko
/lib/modules/3.10.54/kernel/net/netfilter/xt_IMQ.ko
/lib/modules/3.10.54/kernel/net/netfilter/xt_addrtype.ko
/lib/modules/3.10.54/kernel/net/netfilter/xt_cpu.ko
/lib/modules/3.10.54/kernel/net/netfilter/xt_devgroup.ko
/lib/modules/3.10.54/kernel/net/netfilter/xt_dscp.ko
/lib/modules/3.10.54/kernel/net/netfilter/xt_physdev.ko

Also only after version 1.4.8 does iptables even support the TEE module:

So let’s compile a new version of iptables

Compile dd-wrt Linux Kernel Modules

Before we can compile iptables we need to grab the toolchain and also compile the TEE module. I ran into a couple of pages that describe the process for my router:

So here is what I ran to get the toolchain:

cd /data/work/wrt/
wget http://download1.dd-wrt.com/dd-wrtv2/downloads/toolchains/toolchains.tar.xz 
tar -xvf toolchains.tar.xz 

And here is what I did to check the linux source to get the TEE module compiled:

cd /data/work 
svn checkout svn://svn.dd-wrt.com/DD-WRT/src/linux/universal/linux-3.10 
cd linux-3.10 
cp .config_northstar_smp .config 
export PATH=$PATH:/data/work/wrt/toolchain-arm_cortex-a9_gcc-4.8-linaro_musl-1.1.5_eabi/bin 

You will also notice that by default the TEE module is not enabled:

elatov@gen:/data/work/linux-3.10$grep XT_TARGET_TEE .config
# CONFIG_NETFILTER_XT_TARGET_TEE is not set

So right after that line just add the following line to the .config file:

CONFIG_NETFILTER_XT_TARGET_TEE=m

After that’s ready we can try to compile the modules:

export CROSS_COMPILE=arm-linux-
export ARCH=arm
make modules ARCH=arm 

Initially I ran into this:

scripts/kconfig/conf --silentoldconfig Kconfig
drivers/net/wireless/Kconfig:284: can't open file "drivers/net/wireless/rt3352/rt2860v2_ap/Kconfig"
/data/work/linux-3.10/scripts/kconfig/Makefile:36: recipe for target 'silentoldconfig' failed
make[2]: *** [silentoldconfig] Error 1
/data/work/linux-3.10/Makefile:510: recipe for target 'silentoldconfig' failed
make[1]: *** [silentoldconfig] Error 2

That issue is described in Compiling IPv6 modules from source for DD-WRT. So I commented out the following:

#if RALINK_DEVICE
#source "drivers/net/wireless/rt3352/rt2860v2_ap/Kconfig"
#source "drivers/net/wireless/rt3352/rt2860v2_sta/Kconfig"
#endif

from drivers/net/wireless/Kconfig, I ran into another compile error and I ended up commenting out the following (in the same file) to get passed it:

#if SOC_MT7620_OPENWRT || SOC_MT7621_OPENWRT
#source "drivers/net/wireless/rt7620/rt2860v2_ap/Kconfig"
#source "drivers/net/wireless/rt7620/rt2860v2_sta/Kconfig"
#source "drivers/net/wireless/rt5592/Kconfig"
#source "drivers/net/wireless/rt7612/rlt_wifi/Kconfig"
#source "drivers/net/wireless/rt7610/Kconfig"
#endif

After that the make modules finished:

elatov@gen:/data/work/linux-3.10$make modules ARCH=arm
scripts/kconfig/conf --silentoldconfig Kconfig
drivers/usb/phy/Kconfig:4:error: recursive dependency detected!
drivers/usb/phy/Kconfig:4:	symbol USB_PHY is selected by RALINK_USBPHY
drivers/usb/phy/Kconfig:199:	symbol RALINK_USBPHY depends on USB_PHY
.config:2278:warning: override: reassigning to symbol PPTP
.config:2279:warning: override: reassigning to symbol NET_IPGRE
warning: (PLAT_BCM5301X) selects FPE_FASTFPE which has unmet direct dependencies ((!AEABI || OABI_COMPAT) && !CPU_32v3)
#
# configuration written to .config
#
warning: (PLAT_BCM5301X) selects FPE_FASTFPE which has unmet direct dependencies ((!AEABI || OABI_COMPAT) && !CPU_32v3)
  WRAP    arch/arm/include/generated/asm/auxvec.h
  WRAP    arch/arm/include/generated/asm/bitsperlong.h
  WRAP    arch/arm/include/generated/asm/cputime.h
  WRAP    arch/arm/include/generated/asm/current.h
  WRAP    arch/arm/include/generated/asm/emergency-restart.h
  WRAP    arch/arm/include/generated/asm/errno.h

...
...
  LD [M]  net/sched/sch_fq_codel.ko
  CC      net/xfrm/xfrm_algo.mod.o
  LD [M]  net/xfrm/xfrm_algo.ko
  CC      net/xfrm/xfrm_ipcomp.mod.o
  LD [M]  net/xfrm/xfrm_ipcomp.ko

You will see the TEE module here:

elatov@gen:/data/work/linux-3.10$find . -name '*TEE.ko'
./net/netfilter/xt_TEE.ko

Initially I noticed the module depended on ipv6:

elatov@gen:/data/work/linux-3.10$modinfo ./net/netfilter/xt_TEE.ko
filename:       /data/work/linux-3.10/./net/netfilter/xt_TEE.ko
license:        GPL
depends:        ipv6

So I went back and modified the .config file to not compile ipv6 and after another make modules the modinfo looked like this:

elatov@gen:/data/work/linux-3.10$modinfo ./net/netfilter/xt_TEE.ko
filename:       /data/work/linux-3.10/./net/netfilter/xt_TEE.ko
license:        GPL
depends: 

So let’s go ahead and copy the TEE module over:

elatov@gen:/data/work/linux-3.10$scp ./net/netfilter/xt_TEE.ko root@wrt:/mnt/sda1/modules/.
DD-WRT v24-sp2 kongac (c) 2014 NewMedia-NET GmbH
Release: 09/13/14 (SVN revision: 25015M)
root@wrt.dnsd.me's password: 
xt_TEE.ko                           100% 4041     4.0KB/s   4.0KB/s   00:00    

If you disabled ipv6 then you can just directly insert the module into the kernel:

root@DD-WRT:~# lsmod | grep -i tee
root@DD-WRT:~# insmod /mnt/sda1/modules/xt_TEE.ko 
root@DD-WRT:~# lsmod | grep -i tee
xt_TEE                  1256  0 [permanent]

If you didn’t disable ipv6 then you have insert that first:

root@DD-WRT:~# insmod ipv6
root@DD-WRT:~# insmod /mnt/sda1/modules/xt_TEE.ko

Compile iptables

I ran into a site that actually went over the process: Compiling ip6tables DD-WRT. I also found a patch for iptables for the arm-musl architecture:

So let’s get the 1.4.14 version

elatov@gen:/data/work/ipt2$wget http://www.netfilter.org/projects/iptables/files/iptables-1.4.14.tar.bz2
elatov@gen:/data/work/ipt2$tar xjf iptables-1.4.14.tar.bz2
elatov@gen:/data/work/ipt2$cd iptables-1.4.14
elatov@gen:/data/work/ipt2/iptables-1.4.14$wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/sabotage-linux/sabotage/master/KEEP/iptables-1.4.14-musl-fixes.patch
elatov@gen:/data/work/ipt2/iptables-1.4.14$patch -p1 < iptables-1.4.14-musl-fixes.patch 
patching file extensions/libip6t_ipv6header.c
patching file extensions/libxt_TCPOPTSTRIP.c
patching file include/libiptc/ipt_kernel_headers.h
patching file include/linux/netfilter_ipv4/ip_tables.h
patching file iptables/ip6tables-restore.c
patching file iptables/ip6tables-save.c
patching file iptables/iptables-restore.c
patching file iptables/iptables-save.c
patching file iptables/iptables-xml.c

Now let’s make sure we use the same toolchain:

elatov@gen:/data/work/ipt2/iptables-1.4.14$export PATH=$PATH:/data/work/wrt/toolchain-arm_cortex-a9_gcc-4.8-linaro_musl-1.1.5_eabi/bin

And now let’s prepare the package:

elatov@gen:/data/work/ipt2/iptables-1.4.14$./configure --prefix=/opt --host=arm-linux

Let’s build it:

elatov@gen:/data/work/ipt2/iptables-1.4.14$make

And finally let’s install it and tar it up:

elatov@gen:/data/work/ipt2/iptables-1.4.14$sudo mkdir /opt
elatov@gen:/data/work/ipt2/iptables-1.4.14$sudo chown elatov /opt
elatov@gen:/data/work/ipt2/iptables-1.4.14$make install
elatov@gen:~$sudo chown -R 0:0 /opt
elatov@gen:~$sudo tar cpvzf opt-iptables.tar.gz /opt

Now let’s get tar that over to the dd-wrt router:

elatov@gen:~$scp /opt-iptables.tar.gz root@dd-wrt:/mnt/sda1/.

Now on the router side let’s install the new version under /opt:

root@DD-WRT:~# tar -xzvf /mnt/sda1/opt-iptables.tar.gz -C /
..
..
opt/sbin/iptables
opt/sbin/ip6tables
opt/sbin/iptables-save
opt/sbin/iptables-restore
opt/sbin/ip6tables-restore
opt/sbin/ip6tables-save
opt/bin/
opt/bin/iptables-xml
opt/share/
opt/share/man/ 
opt/share/man/man8/
opt/share/man/man8/ip6tables.8
opt/share/man/man8/iptables-save.8
opt/share/man/man8/iptables-restore.8
opt/share/man/man8/ip6tables-save.8
opt/share/man/man8/ip6tables-restore.8
opt/share/man/man8/iptables.8
opt/share/man/man1/
opt/share/man/man1/iptables-xml.1

after that’s done you will see the new version:

root@DD-WRT:~# /opt/sbin/iptables -v
iptables v1.4.14: no command specified
Try `iptables -h' or 'iptables --help' for more information.

I noticed the new version wasn’t printing output for some reason:

root@DD-WRT:~# /opt/sbin/iptables -L
 prot opt --   
 --   
 --   
 --   
 --   
 --   
 --   
 --   

But I was able to use the TEE module and confirm with the system iptables:

root@DD-WRT:~# /opt/sbin/iptables -t mangle -A PREROUTING -i br0 -j TEE --gateway 10.0.0.3
root@DD-WRT:~# iptables -L -n -v -t mangle
Chain PREROUTING (policy ACCEPT 546 packets, 36545 bytes)
 pkts bytes target     prot opt in     out     source               destination         
  164 10876 TEE        0    --  br0    *       0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0           [40 bytes of unknown target data] 

When I ran the same on another Linux machine I saw the following:

elatov@kerch:~$sudo iptables -L -n -v -t mangle
Chain PREROUTING (policy ACCEPT 344 packets, 29217 bytes)
 pkts bytes target     prot opt in     out     source               destination         
    0     0 TEE        all  --  br0    *       0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0            TEE gw:10.0.0.3

I noticed after some time that the memory usage spiked up on the router, so I decided not use the TEE module. But hopefully this will help out someone else :)


Published by Karim Elatov

21 July 2015

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