Splunk and Docker

The instructions on the setup are covered in: How to use the Splunk Enterprise Docker image. I decided to take the docker-compose approach.

Install docker-compose on CoreOS

First we need to install docker-compose on CoreOS. There are a couple of sites that talk about the process:

So following the instructions I just ran this:

$ curl -L https://github.com/docker/compose/releases/download/1.11.2/docker-compose-`uname -s`-`uname -m` > /opt/bin/docker-compose
$ chmod +x /opt/bin/docker-compose

Setup Splunk docker image

Next let’s get the splunk image:

$ docker pull splunk/splunk:latest

Since I had a non-docker splunk instance running already, I wanted to actually migrate all the data. So I tar‘ed the etc and var directories of the splunk install and scp‘ed them to the CoreOS machine. After that I just placed the archives into place:

$ mv splunk-etc.tar.bz2 /root/splunk/.
$ mv splunk-var.tar.bz2 /root/splunk/.

And then I extracted them:

$ cd /root/splunk
$ tar xjf splunk-var.tar.bz2
$ tar xjf splunk-etc.tar.bz2

Using docker-compose with the Splunk Docker Image

The above site has a pretty good example, I ended up with this one:

# cat docker-compose.yml 
version: '2'
services:
    splunk:
       image: splunk/splunk:latest
       hostname: splunk
       environment:
        SPLUNK_START_ARGS: --accept-license --answer-yes
        SPLUNK_ENABLE_LISTEN: 9997
        SPLUNK_ADD: udp 514
        SPLUNK_USER: root
       volumes:
        - /root/splunk/etc:/opt/splunk/etc
        - /root/splunk/var:/opt/splunk/var
       ports:
        - "8000:8000"
        - "9997:9997"
        - "8088:8088"
        - "514:514/udp"
       restart: always

To confirm the configuration is okay, we can run the following:

# docker-compose config
networks: {}
services:
  splunk:
    environment:
      SPLUNK_ADD: udp 514
      SPLUNK_ENABLE_LISTEN: 9997
      SPLUNK_START_ARGS: --accept-license --answer-yes
      SPLUNK_USER: root
    hostname: splunk
    image: splunk/splunk:latest
    ports:
    - 8000:8000
    - 9997:9997
    - 8088:8088
    - 514:514/udp
    restart: always
    volumes:
    - /root/splunk/etc:/opt/splunk/etc:rw
    - /root/splunk/var:/opt/splunk/var:rw
version: '2.0'
volumes: {}

Now let’s start it up:

splunk # docker-compose up
Creating network "splunk_default" with the default driver
Creating splunk_splunk_1
Attaching to splunk_splunk_1
splunk_1  | 
splunk_1  | -- Migration information is being logged to '/opt/splunk/var/log/splunk/migration.log.2017-02-26.18-29-31' --
splunk_1  | Copying '/opt/splunk/etc/myinstall/splunkd.xml' to '/opt/splunk/etc/myinstall/splunkd.xml-migrate.bak'.
splunk_1  | 
splunk_1  | Checking saved search compatibility...
splunk_1  | 
splunk_1  | Handling deprecated files...
splunk_1  | 
splunk_1  | Checking script configuration...
splunk_1  | 
splunk_1  | Copying '/opt/splunk/etc/system/local/indexes.conf' to '/opt/splunk/etc/system/local/indexes.conf.old'.
splunk_1  | Copying '/opt/splunk/etc/myinstall/splunkd.xml.cfg-default' to '/opt/splunk/etc/myinstall/splunkd.xml'.
splunk_1  | Deleting '/opt/splunk/etc/system/local/field_actions.conf'.
splunk_1  | Moving '/opt/splunk/share/splunk/search_mrsparkle/modules.new' to '/opt/splunk/share/splunk/search_mrsparkle/modules'.
splunk_1  | Checking for possible UI view conflicts...
splunk_1  |  App "splunk_monitoring_console" has an overriding copy of the "dashboards.xml" view, thus the new version may not be in effect. location=/opt/splunk/etc/apps/splunk_monitoring_console/default/data/ui/views
splunk_1  |  App "splunk_monitoring_console" has an overriding copy of the "alerts.xml" view, thus the new version may not be in effect. location=/opt/splunk/etc/apps/splunk_monitoring_console/default/data/ui/views
splunk_1  |  App "splunk_monitoring_console" has an overriding copy of the "reports.xml" view, thus the new version may not be in effect. location=/opt/splunk/etc/apps/splunk_monitoring_console/default/data/ui/views
splunk_1  |  App "splunk_instrumentation" has an overriding copy of the "search.xml" view, thus the new version may not be in effect. location=/opt/splunk/etc/apps/splunk_instrumentation/default/data/ui/views
splunk_1  | Removing legacy manager XML files...
splunk_1  | DMC is not set up, no need to migrate nav bar.
splunk_1  | Removing System Activity dashboards...
splunk_1  | Removing splunkclouduf XML file...
splunk_1  | Removing splunkclouduf view XML files...
splunk_1  | Distributed Search is not configured on this instance
splunk_1  | 
splunk_1  | This appears to be an upgrade of Splunk.
splunk_1  | --------------------------------------------------------------------------------)
splunk_1  | 
splunk_1  | Splunk has detected an older version of Splunk installed on this machine. To
splunk_1  | finish upgrading to the new version, Splunk's installer will automatically
splunk_1  | update and alter your current configuration files. Deprecated configuration
splunk_1  | files will be renamed with a .deprecated extension.
splunk_1  | 
splunk_1  | You can choose to preview the changes that will be made to your configuration
splunk_1  | files before proceeding with the migration and upgrade:
splunk_1  | 
splunk_1  | If you want to migrate and upgrade without previewing the changes that will be
splunk_1  | made to your existing configuration files, choose 'y'.
splunk_1  | If you want to see what changes will be made before you proceed with the
splunk_1  | upgrade, choose 'n'.
splunk_1  | 
splunk_1  | 
splunk_1  | Perform migration and upgrade without previewing configuration changes? [y/n] y
splunk_1  | 
splunk_1  | Migrating to:
splunk_1  | VERSION=6.5.2
splunk_1  | BUILD=67571ef4b87d
splunk_1  | PRODUCT=splunk
splunk_1  | PLATFORM=Linux-x86_64
splunk_1  | 
splunk_1  | 
splunk_1  | splunkd 1287 was not running.
splunk_1  | Stopping splunk helpers...
splunk_1  | 
splunk_1  | Done.
splunk_1  | Stopped helpers.
splunk_1  | Removing stale pid file... done.
splunk_1  | "/opt/splunk/etc/auth/ca.pem": already a renewed Splunk certificate: skipping renewal
splunk_1  | "/opt/splunk/etc/auth/cacert.pem": already a renewed Splunk certificate: skipping renewal
splunk_1  | Clustering migration already complete, no further changes required.
splunk_1  | 
splunk_1  | Generating checksums for datamodel and report acceleration bucket summaries for all indexes.
splunk_1  | If you have defined many indexes and summaries, summary checksum generation may take a long time.
splunk_1  | Processed 1 out of 8 configured indexes.
splunk_1  | Processed 2 out of 8 configured indexes.
splunk_1  | Processed 3 out of 8 configured indexes.
splunk_1  | Processed 4 out of 8 configured indexes.
splunk_1  | Processed 5 out of 8 configured indexes.
splunk_1  | Processed 6 out of 8 configured indexes.
splunk_1  | Processed 7 out of 8 configured indexes.
splunk_1  | Processed 8 out of 8 configured indexes.
splunk_1  | Finished generating checksums for datamodel and report acceleration bucket summaries for all indexes.
splunk_1  | 
splunk_1  | Splunk> 4TW
splunk_1  | 
splunk_1  | Checking prerequisites...
splunk_1  | 	Checking http port [8000]: open
splunk_1  | 	Checking mgmt port [8089]: open
splunk_1  | 	Checking appserver port [127.0.0.1:8065]: open
splunk_1  | 	Checking kvstore port [8191]: open
splunk_1  | 	Checking configuration...  Done.
splunk_1  | 	Checking critical directories...	Done
splunk_1  | 	Checking indexes...
splunk_1  | 		Validated: _audit _internal _introspection _telemetry _thefishbucket history main summary
splunk_1  | 	Done
splunk_1  | 	Checking filesystem compatibility...  Done
splunk_1  | 	Checking conf files for problems...
splunk_1  | 	Done
splunk_1  | 	Checking default conf files for edits...
splunk_1  | 	Validating installed files against hashes from '/opt/splunk/splunk-6.5.2-67571ef4b87d-linux-2.6-x86_64-manifest'
splunk_1  | File '/opt/splunk/etc/apps/splunk_httpinput/default/inputs.conf' changed.
splunk_1  | 	Problems were found, please review your files and move customizations to local
splunk_1  | All preliminary checks passed.
splunk_1  | 
splunk_1  | Starting splunk server daemon (splunkd)...  
splunk_1  | Done
splunk_1  | 
splunk_1  | 
splunk_1  | Waiting for web server at http://127.0.0.1:8000 to be available... Done
splunk_1  | 
splunk_1  | 
splunk_1  | If you get stuck, we're here to help.  
splunk_1  | Look for answers here: http://docs.splunk.com
splunk_1  | 
splunk_1  | The Splunk web interface is at http://splunk:8000
splunk_1  | 

You can run this to detach from the docker-compose

splunk # docker-compose up -d or docker-compose start
Starting splunk_splunk_1

If you ever need to stop it you can run the following:

$ docker-compose stop

And you can check out the logs of the image like so:

splunk # docker-compose logs
splunk_1  | Shutting down.  Please wait, as this may take a few minutes.
splunk_1  | 2017-02-26 18:46:51.655 +0000 Interrupt signal received
splunk_1  | ..
splunk_1  | Stopping splunk helpers...
splunk_1  | 
splunk_1  | Done.
splunk_1  | splunkd is not running.
splunk_1  | 
splunk_1  | Splunk> 4TW
splunk_1  | 
splunk_1  | Checking prerequisites...
splunk_1  | 	Checking http port [8000]: open
splunk_1  | 	Checking mgmt port [8089]: open
splunk_1  | 	Checking appserver port [127.0.0.1:8065]: open
splunk_1  | 	Checking kvstore port [8191]: open
splunk_1  | 	Checking configuration...  Done.
splunk_1  | 	Checking critical directories...	Done
splunk_1  | 	Checking indexes...
splunk_1  | 		Validated: _audit _internal _introspection _telemetry _thefishbucket history main summary
splunk_1  | 	Done
splunk_1  | 	Checking filesystem compatibility...  Done
splunk_1  | 	Checking conf files for problems...
splunk_1  | 	Done
splunk_1  | 	Checking default conf files for edits...
splunk_1  | 	Validating installed files against hashes from '/opt/splunk/splunk-6.5.2-67571ef4b87d-linux-2.6-x86_64-manifest'
splunk_1  | File '/opt/splunk/etc/apps/splunk_httpinput/default/inputs.conf' changed.
splunk_1  | 	Problems were found, please review your files and move customizations to local
splunk_1  | All preliminary checks passed.
splunk_1  | 
splunk_1  | Starting splunk server daemon (splunkd)...  
splunk_1  | Done
splunk_1  | 
splunk_1  | 
splunk_1  | Waiting for web server at http://127.0.0.1:8000 to be available.. Done
splunk_1  | 
splunk_1  | 
splunk_1  | If you get stuck, we're here to help.  
splunk_1  | Look for answers here: http://docs.splunk.com
splunk_1  | 
splunk_1  | The Splunk web interface is at http://splunk:8000
splunk_1  | 

Updating Splunk Docker Image

To update you can stop the service and do the update:

# cd /root/splunk
# docker-compose stop
# docker pull splunk/splunk:latest or docker-compose pull
# docker-compose up -d

As I was doing research on how to update with docker-compose, I ran into these interesting sites:

When you do a pull it will tell you if the image is up to date:

# docker-compose pull
Pulling splunk (splunk/splunk:latest)...
latest: Pulling from splunk/splunk
Digest: sha256:b3427c513e3df1a3903abc136732ec528c746ff69ffa1ef9579c6ebedadf366f
Status: Image is up to date for splunk/splunk:latest

Published by Karim Elatov

10 September 2017

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